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Antidepressants

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Recovery Is Possible

Sometimes, talk therapy alone is not enough. In these cases, psychiatric medication may help. At Family Care Center in Colorado Springs, we provide a range of outpatient behavioral health care services, including medication management.

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Classes Of Antidepressants

  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

  • Serotonin–norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)

  • Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (NRIs)

  • Norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs)

  • Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)

  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

  • And more

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Antidepressants

Recovery Is Possible

Antidepressant Use in the United States

Today, more than 10% of Americans take some form of antidepressant medication, with a 64% increase in prescriptions between 1999 and 2014. With use as prevalent as it is, there’s a good chance that someone you know takes an antidepressant. Taking antidepressants is nothing to be ashamed of. In fact, when used alongside counseling, it may be the difference between a full recovery and continuing to struggle in vain.

Who Could Benefit from Antidepressants?

If you’re continuing to experience symptoms of mental illness, in spite of ongoing counseling, antidepressants may be able to help. Despite their name, antidepressants can help with a variety of conditions, including:

  • Major depressive disorder (MDD)

  • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

  • Social anxiety disorder (SAD)

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

  • Binge eating disorder (BED)

  • Bulimia nervosa

  • Certain pain disorders

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Commonly Prescribed Antidepressants

Antidepressants work by targeting chemicals in the brain that regulate emotions and thought patterns. Often, individuals with mental illnesses have dysregulated levels of chemicals in their brain that control emotions and thought patterns. Antidepressants work by targeting these chemicals, thereby reducing their symptoms. With so many types of antidepressants on the market today, choosing which prescription is right for you may seem overwhelming. Our team of friendly, highly-qualified psychiatrists, nurse practitioners and physicians assistants are here to help. At your appointment, they will work with you and your talk therapist to discuss your history, including prior medications, past traumas, and family background.

Below, we have listed the chemical and brand names of some of the most commonly prescribed antidepressants in America today. If you’re interested in trying one of these medications, be sure to discuss it with your doctor:

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SSRIs: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors work by increasing the level of the feel-good chemical serotonin in your brain. Common types of SSRIs include:

  • Citalopram (Celexa)

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)

  • Escitalopram (Lexapro)

  • Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

  • Paroxetine (Paxil)

  • Setraline (Zoloft)

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SNRIs: This class of antidepressant inhibits the reabsorption (reuptake) of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine. They include:

  • Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)

  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

  • Venlafaxine (Effexor)

  • Levomilnacipran (Fetzima)

  • Milnacipran (Ixel, Savella)

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NRIs: Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors affect the level of the chemicals norepinephrine and epinephrine in the brain. They have a mildly stimulating effect that can be beneficial to those struggling with depression-related fatigue or weight gain.

  • Atomoxetine (Strattera) - Although primarily prescribed for ADHD, atomoxetine is sometimes used off-label as a treatment for depression

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NDRIs: Norepinephrine–dopamine reuptake inhibitors are commonly considered atypical antidepressants since they work in a significantly different manner than other antidepressants. NDRIs work by reabsorbing the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine. They have a mildly stimulating effect and may be beneficial for those suffering from co-occurring depression and ADHD.

  • Bupropion (Wellbutrin) - The most commonly prescribed NDRI, bupropion is sometimes used as an add-on treatment in cases of incomplete response to SSRIs.

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Tricyclic Antidepressants: Named after their three-ringed chemical structure, tricyclic antidepressants are an older class of medication. Today, they have largely been replaced by newer antidepressants such as SSRIs and SNRIs, however some patients may find them beneficial as a second-line treatment.

  • Amitriptyline (Elavil)

  • Clomipramine (Anafranil)

  • Desipramine (Norpramin)

  • Imipramine (Tofranil)

  • Nortriptyline (Pamelor)

  • Opipramol (Insidon)

  • Protriptyline (Vivactil)

  • Trimipramine (Surmontil)

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MAOIs: Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are powerful antidepressants that inhibit the activity of one or both monoamine oxidase enzymes in the brain. Because they may react negatively with certain foods, they are not supported as a first-line treatment, but have sometimes been hugely beneficial to those who don’t react to other classes of antidepressants.

  • Phenelzine (Nardil)

  • Tranylcypromine (Parnate)

  • Isocarboxazid (Marplan)

  • Selegiline (Eldepryl)

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Others: Sometimes, different types of atypical antidepressants, atypical antipsychotics, and other medications may be used as a primary or adjunctive treatment for nonresponsive patients.

  • Trazodone (Desyrel, Oleptrol)

  • Mirtazapine (Remeron)

  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)

  • Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)

  • Lurasidone (Latuda)

  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa)

  • Quetiapine (Seroquel)

  • Risperidone (Risperdal)

  • Buspirone (Buspar)

Side Effects

Although not everyone will experience side effects from antidepressants, adverse reactions are possible. Often, side effects are strongest when you first start taking a new medication, and you may experience them before noticing any benefits. For many people, these side effects will go away within a few weeks of use. For others, they can be chronic and significantly impact quality of life. If you experience any side effects from your antidepressant, it’s important to get in touch with your doctor as soon as possible. They may recommend adding an adjunctive treatment or discontinuing the medication altogether.Some of the more common side effects of antidepressants include:

  • Nausea

  • Weight gain

  • Loss of libido and other sexual problems

  • Fatigue

  • Dry mouth

  • Blurred Vision

  • Dizziness

  • Agitation

  • Irritability

  • Anxiety

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Get In Touch With Our Outpatient Clinic Today!

If you think that you could benefit from antidepressants or another type of psychiatric medication, contact our behavioral health team today. We proudly specialize in mental health services for Veterans and military families, but will gladly serve anyone in the Colorado Springs area. We have locations at Parkmoor Village, Gleneagle, South Circle Dr., Quail Lake, and in Woodland Park. Whether you’re interested in counseling services, medication management, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), or all of the above, Family Care Center can help. We look forward to supporting your recovery.

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